Gum disease is not always painful and you may be unaware you have it.
The initial symptoms of gum disease can include:
- red and swollen gums
- bleeding gums after brushing or flossing your teeth
This stage of gum disease is called gingivitis.
If gingivitis is untreated, the tissues and bone that support the teeth can also become affected. This is known as periodontitis, or periodontal disease.
Symptoms of periodontitis can include:
Acute necrotising ulcerative gingivitis
In rare cases, a condition called acute necrotising ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) can develop suddenly.
The symptoms of ANUG are usually more severe than those of gum disease and can include:
- bleeding, painful gums
- painful ulcers
- receding gums in between your teeth
- bad breath
- a metallic taste in your mouth
- excess saliva in your mouth
- difficulty swallowing or talking
- a high temperature (fever)