Routine eye tests
Your baby's eyes will be examined within 72 hours of birth. This simple examination is used to check for obvious physical problems, such as a cataract.
Your baby will have a second eye examination when they're between 6 and 8 weeks old.
A child's vision should develop in the following way over the first year of life:
- by 6-8 weeks old – follows a bright or interesting object, such as a face, with their eyes
- by 2-3 months old – shows interest in nearby objects
- by 6 months old – focuses on objects that are both near and far away and is interested in pictures
- by 12 months old – able to see small objects, such as tiny bits of food and bits of fluff, is also able to recognise familiar people
Shortly before or after having a baby, all new parents are given a Personal Child Health Record (red book), which highlights developmental milestones for vision.
When your child is around 1 or 2 years old, you may be asked whether you have any concerns about their eyesight during a review of their health and development.
If necessary, specific eye tests that check for vision problems can be arranged.
Your child's vision may also be tested when they start school, at around 4 or 5 years of age. This will be organised by your local council.
Read more about routine eye tests for children.